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2017-11-23

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Government

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is the highest body in the system of state executive power of Ukraine. The Cabinet is responsible to the President of Ukraine and is under the control of and accountable to the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). It is composed of the Prime Minister, the First Vice Prime Minister, three Vice Prime Ministers and Ministers.

 
Appointment and dismissal
 
Before the constitutional reform adopted in late 2004 that took effect on January 1, 2006, the Prime Minister was nominated by the President and approved by the Parliament. Subsequently, the rest of Cabinet was appointed by the President, formally upon the Prime Minister's nomination, while in reality the entire cabinet was often picked by the President himself.
 
After the Reinstatement of 2004 Constitution on February 21, 2014, the parliament has the authority to both nominate and approve the Prime Minister. The candidate is proposed by the parliamentary coalition to the President and then the President submits an official nomination back to Verkhovna Rada for a formal approval vote. While the official nomination of the candidate for the parliamentary approval is still made by the President, the Head of the State, formally, takes no part in the nominee's selection and there is an ambiguity whether the President may turn down the candidate suggested by the parliamentary coalition.
 
The Prime Minister, following his appointment, nominates other members of the Cabinet (ministers) for approval by the Verkhovna Rada, except the Ministers of the Foreign Affairs and of Defense who are nominated by the President.
 
The Prime Minister and his Cabinet could now be dismissed only by the Parliament while formerly the President could dismiss the entire cabinet unilaterally at any time.
 
Members of the Cabinet and chief officers of central and local bodies of executive power may not combine their official activity with other work, except teaching, scholarly and creative activity outside of working hours. They are not allowed to be members of any administrative body or board of supervisors of any enterprise that is aimed at making profit.

 
Authority
 
The Cabinet issues resolutions and orders that are mandatory for execution. Normative legal acts of the Cabinet, ministries and other central bodies of executive power are subject to registration. Failure to register invalidates the act.

 
National Authorities of Executive Power
 
In addition to the Cabinet of Ministers, the system of the national executive body includes ministries, state committees (public services) and special status central agencies of executive power.
 
Ministry is the primary organ within the system of the national executive body that realizes the governmental policy in the defined sphere of activity that is managed by a Minister. As member of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the Minister is responsible for development and implementation of the programs.  These programs are for correspondent issues and realization of the Government policy within the defined sphere of governing the state. The Minister exercises administration in this sphere, directs and coordinates the activities of other organs of executive power on issues ascribed to his authority.
 
State Committee (Public Service) is a central organ of executive power with activity directed and coordinated by the Prime Minister, Vice Prime Ministers, or any of the other Ministers. The State Committee (Public Service) puts forward propositions concerning formulation of the Government policy to the correspondent members of the Cabinet of Ministers. It ensures realization in the sphere defined, exercises control in this sphere as well as interdepartmental coordination and functional regulation on issues delegated to its authority. Chairperson heads the State Committee (Public Service).
 
Special Status Central Organ of Executive Power has a special mission and authority defined by the Constitution and legislation of Ukraine. It has a specific order of formation, shaking-up, removal, accountability and reporting, as well as appointing and dismissal of management staff and settling other issues. Chairperson heads the special status central organ of the executive power.

Ministries

Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Communal Living
Ministry of Internal Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Social Policy
Ministry of Temporarily Occupied Territories and IDPs
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Education and Science
Ministry of Economic Development and Trade
Ministry of Energy and Coal Mining Industry
Ministry of Infrastructure
Ministry of Information Policy
Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food
Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources
Ministry of Culture
Ministry of Youth and Sports

Current Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
As of June 2017:
   
Prime Minister - Volodymyr Groysman
First Vice Prime Minister - Stepan Kubiv, Minister of Economic Development and Trade   
Vice Prime Minister (European and EuroAtlantic integration) - Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze
Vice Prime Minister - Hennadiy Zubko, Minister of Regional Development   
Vice Prime Minister (humanitarian policy) - Vyacheslav Kyrylenko
Vice Prime Minister (infrastructure, fuel/energy complex, ecology) - Volodymyr Kistion
Vice Prime Minister - Pavlo Rozenko
Minister of Internal Affairs - Arsen Avakov
Minister of Foreign Affairs - Pavlo Klimkin
Minister of Finance - Oleksandr Danylyuk
Minister of Defense - Stepan Poltorak
Minister of Social Policy - Andriy Reva
Minister of Temporarily Occupied Territories and IDPs - Vadym Chernysh
Minister of Justice - Pavlo Petrenko
Minister of Healthcare –Ulana Suprun (acting)
Minister of Education and Science - Liliya Hrynevych
Ministry of Energy and Coal Mining Industry
- Ihor Nasalyk
Minister of Infrastructure - Volodymyr Omelyan
Minister of Information Policy - Yuriy Stets
Minister of Agriculture - Taras Kutoviy
Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine - Ostap Semerak
Minister of Culture - Yevhen Nyshchuk
Minister of Youth and Sports - Ihor Zhdanov
Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers - Oleksandr Sayenko

Special Status Organs of Executive Power
 
National Bank of Ukraine
Ukrainian Chamber of Auditors
State Treasury of Ukraine
Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine
State Tax Administration of Ukraine
State Administration for Courts
State Customs Service of Ukraine
State Committee of Ukraine for Regulatory Policy and Entrepreneurship
State Committee of Ukraine on Technical Regulation and Consumer Policy
State Nuclear Regulatory Administration of Ukraine
National Electricity Regulatory Commission of Ukraine
Securities and Stock Market State Commission of Ukraine
State Department of Ukraine for the Enforcement of Penalties
State Property Fund of Ukraine
Security Service of Ukraine
State Guard Department of Ukraine
Main Civil Service Administration of Ukraine
National Coordination Center for Adaptation of Reserve or Retired Servicemen, and Conversion of Former Military Installations
State Service of Ukraine for Export Control
 
Other Executive Bodies
 
National Depositary of Ukraine
Supreme Council for Justice of Ukraine
National Institute of Strategic Studies
National Olympic Committee
National Sports Federations
Exhibition Center of Ukraine

After the parliamentary elections in October 2014, Arsenii Yatseniuk managed to remain Prime Minister. According to the Constitution, his authority is quite substantial in internal politics and the economy. Arsenii Yatseniuk and his party have slowly lost control over the Cabinet and major governmental agencies to some neutral foreigners, and financial-political groups.

By March 2015, he and his party's popularity (National Front) reached only 4% support. This is mainly due to the slow pace of reforms, disillusion with the reforms undertaken (viewed mostly by the Ukrainian population as inflation, rise of process and high bills for communal services).

On the 10th of April, 2016 Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced that he would resign as Prime Minister and on April 12th submitted his resignation request to the. On the 25th of March, 2016 Parliamentary Speaker Volodymyr Groysman was nominated by coalition partners of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc to replace Yatsenyuk.  On the 14th of April Groysman’s nomination was confirmed by the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) as Prime Minister.